County Government in Connecticut was abolished in 1960. The eight counties continue solely as geographical and historical subdivisions of the state.
New London County, occupying the southeastern part of Connecticut, is bounded on the east by the State of Rhode Island, on the south by Long Island Sound, on the west by Middlesex and Tolland counties, and on the north by Hartford, Tolland, and Windham counties.
The county covers an area of approximately 700 square miles. It was one of the first four counties established in the State, organized in 1666, and originally included a considerable part of the present Middlesex County, extending as far west as Clinton. Of the five first cities of Connecticut chartered in 1794, New London County had two, New London and Norwich.
New London was settled as "Pequot" in 1646; named from London, England, and authorized as a town in 1658. Norwich, named from Norwich England, was settled about 1659 by a colony of settlers coming from Saybrook.