Salt Lake City was the second city in the United States to require building permits. Preceded only by New York City, Salt Lake's building permit records date back to 1890.
Salt Lake City lies between the Wasatch Mountains and the Great Salt Lake at an altitude of 4,200 feet. Permanent settlement of the City began on July 24, 1847, when Brigham Young with a party of 148 Mormon pioneers entered the Salt Lake Valley after a 1,500-mile trek westward. Salt Lake City was incorporated on January 6, 1851 and soon became a major center for trade and commerce with the wagon trains carrying settlers and miners westward. Within a few years of the pioneers' arrival, other communities were settled throughout the Salt Lake Valley. Due to continuous economic and population growth, most of these cities in the valley survived and prospered, and have grown into a single large metropolitan area of over 700,000 people. Salt Lake City is the commercial center of this metropolis.
Salt Lake City is also the center of the scenic inter-mountain west. Within a day's drive of the City, travelers can visit 70% of the officially designated national parks and monuments of America. The Wasatch Mountains, east of the City, are well known for their ski resorts, which are within a 45-minute drive from downtown Salt Lake City. Over 200,000 out-of-state skiers come to these resorts each year. The scenic Wasatch Front provided an excellent backdrop, as the City hosted the 2002 Winter Olympics. In 2004, Salt Lake City was chosen by the State of Utah as a Quality Growth Community. This designation shows that the community has completed a comprehensive planning process covering economic development, housing, conservation, and infrastructure efficiency. This further shows that Salt Lake City is a leader in the region.
Salt Lake City is the international headquarters of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, or "Mormon" Church. At Temple Square in downtown Salt Lake City, 2-1/2 million visitors see the famous Salt Lake Temple, Tabernacle, and visitor centers each year.
The Salt Palace Convention Center (located in downtown Salt Lake City) plays host to many different activities. This facility has a 45,000 square foot ballroom, 365,000 square feet of exhibit space, and a total of 100,000 square feet of meeting space. It is wired with miles of wire and fiber optic cable for up-to-date computer and communications, including satellite uplink capability and includes a wireless network. Several universities and colleges are located in or near Salt Lake City. The University of Utah is located on the east bench of Salt Lake City. This university was founded in 1850 and is the oldest mainland university west of the Missouri River. Approximately 29,000 full and part-time students are enrolled. The Utah Museum of Fine Arts and the Utah Museum of Natural History are located on the University of Utah campus. The University includes a medical school and hospital.
Westminster College of Salt Lake City, Salt Lake Community College, and LDS Business College are also located in Salt Lake City. Three other universities—Utah State University, Weber State University, and Brigham Young University — as well as Utah Valley State College are all located within a two-hour drive from Salt Lake City. These institutions reflect the community's emphasis and dedication to higher education and job skill development.
Salt Lake City also has many opportunities for recreational and cultural activities. The Energy Solutions Arena, located three blocks directly west of Temple Square, is the home of the Utah Jazz, the 1997 and 1998 Western Conference Champions of the National Basketball Association. Franklin Covey Field, just south of downtown, is the home field of the Salt Lake Stingers, a minor league baseball team. In 2007, the University of Utah Rice-Eccles Stadium hosted Real Salt Lake, a Major League Soccer team.
Nearby Towns: Holladay City • Millcreek Twp • Murray City • North Salt Lake City •