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Hays City

Ellis County, Kansas

Photo: J. A. Mermis House, ca. 1907, 1401 Ash Street, Hays, KS. House was built by well-known western Kansas craftsman, Justus Bissing, Jr. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2009. Photographed by User:Ammodramus (own work), 2014, [cc0-by-1.0 (creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/deed.en], via Wikimedia Commons, accessed December, 2014.

Hays City Photo

Hays City Hall is located at 1507 Main Street, Hays, KS 67601.
Phone: 785‑628‑7320.


Fort Hays was established in 1868 to help protect westward moving settlers and railroad workers. The city came to life on the Kansas plains in August of that year. In 1869 the famous James B. (Wild Bill) Hickok served briefly as sheriff of the town of numerous saloons and dance halls. The Numerous homicides through the late 1800s earned the town a reputation as the most violent on the Kansas frontier. When Hays City was organized in 1872, Boot Hill was already well-populated. Early town residents included a number of other "wild west" characters including Calamity Jane and Buffalo Bill Cody. In the mid 1870s the railroad continued westward and the former rail terminus saw the exodus of teamsters, railroad workers, soldiers and others, following the tracks in search of their fortunes. [1]

  1. Hays Convention and Visitors Bureau, History of Hays, www.haysusa.net, accessed December, 2014