Lebanon City Hall is located at 50 South Broadway, Lebanon, OH 45036; phone: 513-228-3101.
Lebanon's history is a point of pride for its residents and establishes its unique position in the region as a picturesque community with a rich history. It is an important crossroads in the region, and that position has influenced its growth and evolution over the years.
Lebanon's long history was a result of its strategic location, a one-day stage coach ride from Cincinnati. In 1802 four settlers laid out the first one hundred lots around Main and Broadway. Broadway was designed to be wide enough to turn a stagecoach around. In 1803 The Golden Lamb was opened as a tavern and log cabin inn to serve travelers.
The Cincinnati, Lebanon & Northern Railroad was constructed in 1876 to connect Cincinnati to Dayton and passed through Lebanon. The rail line reached Lebanon in 1881. The total line was 36.1 miles from Cincinnati to Dodd. It was later connected to the Middletown and Cincinnati Railroad in 1894.
The Warren County Canal was navigable by 1840. Part of the Miami and Erie Canal, it was about 20 miles long and connected Lebanon to the main canal route in Middletown. It was never successful as a connection and was abandoned within a decade.
Once the car took over as the dominant form of travel and transportation, Lebanon was once again located along a critical corridor. US 42 was built in 1926 and passed through Lebanon on its way from Cleveland to Louisville. Lebanon also has three state routes, and access to an interstate highway. State Route 48 was created in 1926 and runs north/south through Lebanon. State Route 63 runs east/ west from State Route 4 and ends in Lebanon at Interstate 75. State Route 123 runs north south and was completed in 1966.
Interstate 71 runs north/south to the east of Lebanon and Interstate 75 runs north/south to the west of Lebanon. There are interchanges off 71 at State Route 123 and 48. Interstate 75 has interchanges off State Route 63 and State US Route 42.
In Lebanon, like most communities in exurban counties, most of the growth has taken place in the past two decades. The greatest population increase in Lebanon was between 1990 and 2000. 6,501 new residents moved into Lebanon during this time representing a 62% population increase.
For most of Lebanon's history downtown was the functional heart of the community. It served as the center of commerce and civic life. However, as the city evolved in the 20th century, focus was diverted to the automobile-oriented corridors like Columbus Avenue, along Broadway north of downtown and Main Street east of downtown.