The Spencer County Courthouse is located at 2 West Main Street, Taylorsville, KY 40071; phone: 502-477-3215.
Spencer County was created in 1824 with the town of Taylorsville, at the confluence of Brashears Creek and the Salt River as the seat of government. It was named in honor of former local resident Captain Spier Spencer, a slain here of the Battle of Tippecanoe.
The earliest settlers of the Spencer County area were primarily of Scotch-Irish and English origin from Pennsylvania or Virginia, with substantial numbers of settlers of German ancestry. Once in the territory, settlers as quickly as possible found an eligible tract and began farming. The farms took the pattern of dispersed homesteads, following the Virginia model, as soon as the defensive "stations" broke up after the cessation of Indian resistance. Commerce, trade, and manufacturing began to grow up almost immediately, but farming was the principal occupation of almost every settler.