The Chesterfield County Courthouse is located at 200 West Main Street, Chesterfield, SC 29709; phone: 843-623-2535.
Chesterfield County was formed in 1795.
Bordering on the area where the Piedmont intersects the Coastal Plains, the terrain of the county is characterized by rolling hills. Agriculture has historically been the economic base of the area, but manufacturing has increased greatly in the middle of the 20th century. While the town of Chesterfield was designated as the county seat shortly after the county was formed, the older and larger Great Pee Dee River town of Cheraw was the main trading center.