Toboyne Township Hall is located at 50 Lower Buck Ridge Road, Blain, PA 17006.
Toboyne Township until 1763 was a part of Tyrone Township when it was created a separate township by the following action of the Cumberland County court: "Upon application of some of the inhabitants of Tyrone township to this court, setting forth that said township is too large, it is adjudged by the said Court that Alexander Roddy's Mill be the line, and the name of the Upper, Toboyne, Alexander Logan being in Toboyne Township." Its area, although reduced by the formation of Madison Township, in 1836, and of Jackson, in 1844, remains one of the largest in the county, being about seventy-five square miles. It is bounded on the north by Juniata County, on the south by Cumberland County, on the east by Jackson Township, and on the west by Franklin County.
Among the early settlers who were granted land warrants in Toboyne Township were: John Wilson, 200 acres in 1755; John Rhea, 100 acres, in 1767; John Thomas, 113 acres in 1765; William Wallace, 292 acres in 1765; John Watt, 209 acres in 1766, and 150 in 1767. The assessment list of 1814 shows there were four stills, six sawmills, ten gristmills, two tanneries and a fulling mill in the township.
A great number of the men in the Frederick Watts battalion of Cumberland County Militia during the Revolution, were from Toboyne township. Captain David Moreland's company during the War of 1812 contained a large proportion of Toboyne men.