Juniata Township Hall is located at 16 Milford Road, Newport PA 17074.
Juniata Township, located near the center of the county, was taken from Rye Township and formed in 1793. Two petitions were presented at the January sessions of the Cumberland County courts, in 1793, signed by a large number of the citizens of Rye Township, stating that they "labored under many and great disadvantages by reason of the great extent of said township, and praying the court that the said township may be divided by a line along the top of Mahanoy Mountain from the line of Tyrone Township to the Juniata River." The request was granted by the court and the township named Juniata, by reason of its bordering the Juniata River. It is bounded on the north by Tuscarora Township, on the east by Oliver, on the south by Centre, and on the west by Saville.
The Stephens family were early settlers in the township and land grants were made to John Creigh, Jacob Miller, Joe Stretch, Robert Garrett, James Keenan, and Alexander Stuart. The assessment roles of 1795 show there were twelve sawmills, two grist-mills, two tan-yards and two distilleries in the township.