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Neoclassical Style – popular 1895-1950


George H. Ulmer House, ca. 1902, Carriage House Historic District, Miles City, Montana, National Register

Photo: Neoclassical Style house located in the Carriage House Historic District, Miles City, Montana. The George H. Ulmer House was designed in 1902 by architect Charles S. Haire. Photographed by user:Tbennert (own work), 2011, [cc-by-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons, accessed August, 2013.

Neoclassical Style [1]

The Neoclassical Style in the U.S. is typically thought to extend from 1895 through 1950, and is often thought to be synonymous with the Colonial Revival style, which developed during the same period. A national interest in the architecture of the colonies was awakened with the Philadelphia Centennial of 1876. The Chicago's World Fair of 1893, centered on a classical theme, featured architect-designed buildings with dramatic, semi-circular porches and columns in the classical orders. The exposition was covered widely in the press, and images and drawings of the "new" style filtered out into all areas of the country. Elements of the Neoclassical style frequently included:

  • An eclectic mix of classical features such as columned porticos, pediments, cornices with dentils, pilasters, keystones, and quoins.
  • Full-height porticos with Corinthian and Ionic columns.
  • Boxed eaves with a moderate overhang, with dentils or modillions beneath.
  • Wide frieze bands are common. Windows are typically double-hung sash windows, generally with six or nine panes per sash.
  • Bay windows, paired windows, transomed windows and arched windows are also found.
  • Restrained ornamentation with an emphasized entablature.
  1. Janie-Rice Brother, Senior Architectural Historian, Kentucky Archaeological Survey, Highlands Historic District, Jefferson County Kentucky, nomination document, additional documentation, 2012, National Park Service, National Register of Historic Places, Washington, D.C.

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