West Columbia City
West Columbia City Hall is located at 200 North 12th Street, West Columbia, SC 29169; phone: 803-791-1880.
In the second half of the eighteenth century and the early part of the nineteenth century, the Granby village (at the current site of the City of Cayce) flourished. In 1786, nearby Columbia became the South Carolina State capital. In 1790 Granby suffered severe flood damage, and by 1837 Granby had disappeared. The materials from the demolished houses of Granby were used to build houses for the workers of the Saluda Manufacturing Company. The construction of this mill meant labor and people—and soon a town. The scattered dwellings that first formed grew into a village on the river's west side after the opening of the Columbia Duck Mill in 1890. Meeting and State Streets became business districts. The growth of this area was enhanced by its resources—its people, its transportation arteries, and prime commercial land. On November 24, 1894, the community was named Brookland by Mrs. Mary Guignard, whose family remained the largest land holders in the area since the early 1800's. It was later called New Brookland and was rechartered as West Columbia in 1938. In 1964, it was designated the City of West Columbia.
As a reflection of its rich heritage, there are two areas in West Columbia listed on the National Register of Historic Places — the Saluda Factory Historic District, now the location of Riverbanks Zoo and Gardens, and the New Brookland Historic District.
In addition to the two districts listed above, the Central Midlands Historic Preservation Survey identified 6 other sites of historic significance that are not listed on the National Register of Historic Places: Saluda Factory Overseer's House, c. 1840, Corley-Shull House, c. 1870, Graves of Gabriel Fridig & Wife, Crockett-Arehart House, c. 1840's, Green's Hill Site, 1865 and the Old Temperance Hall, c. 1835.