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Oxford Village

Oxford Village Hall is located at 20 LaFayette Park, Oxford NY 13830; phone: 607-843-2512.

Beginnings [1]

Oxford is a well-preserved, late eighteenth and nineteenth century village of broad streets and landscaped parks laid out along the banks of the Chenango River, which flows through the center of town. The settlement of Oxford dates from the period immediately following Governor Clinton's 1788 treaty with the Oneida Indians. Initial development was spurred by Oxford's location at the intersection of the Catskill-Ithaca-Bath Turnpike and the Chenango River and Utica-Binghamton coach road and by the establishment of the Oxford Academy in 1794. The completion of the Chenango Canal in 1837 and the location of Chenango County's only toll station in Oxford enhanced the village's position as a transportation center. The canal, which linked Binghamton to the Erie Canal at Utica, opened new markets for Chenango County produce and dairy products. The coming of the railroad to Oxford before the closing of the Chenango Canal in 1877 ushered in a period of renewed growth and helped to ensure Oxford's economic security through the early twentieth century. Railroad links in particular encouraged development of the local bluestone industry here. Since World War I, Oxford has functioned as a bedroom community for the surrounding cities of Norwich, Greene, Binghamton and Unadilla.

  1. Gobrecht, Larry E., New York State Division of Historic Preservation, Oxford Post Office, nomination document, 1986, National Park Service, National Register of Historic Places, Washington, D.C.
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