Canaan Town Hall is located at 1169 U. S. Route 4, Canaan, NH 03741; phone: 603-523-4501.
First chartered in 1761, the town probably took its name from the hometown of early settlers from Canaan, Connecticut. Not all the grantees became permanent settlers, and a new charter was issued in 1769. According to the Canaan Historical Society, the first train passed through in November 1847 with Daniel Webster on board, and the railroad operations sparked rapid business growth in Canaan Village. In September 1907, Canaan was the site of a tragic train accident, the collision of a passenger train and a freight, resulting in 25 dead and an equal number injured. [www.nh.gov, Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau, accessed June, 2011]