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Greenfield Town

Greenfield Town Hall is located at 14 Court Square, Greenfield, MA 01301; phone: 413-772-1555.

Old Tavern Farm, ca. 1740, 817 Colrain Road, Greenfield, MA, National Register

Photo: Old Tavern Farm, ca. 1740, 817 Colrain Road, Greenfield, MA. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2005. Photographed by User:John Phelan (own work), 2013, [cc-by-3.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons, accessed September, 2013.

Beginnings [1]

Greenfield was first settled around 1686 and incorporated in 1753. Originally part of Deerfield, Greenfield took its name from the fertile valley it occupies. In 1792 the Locks and Canal Company began to use Cheapside, at the mouth of the Deerfield River, as a landing place. Early in the 19th century the first cutlery factory in America was established in Greenfield, but was later moved to Turner's Falls. In the 1930s there were 30 plants located here, manufacturing diversified products.

  1. Federal Writers' Project of the Works Progress Administration for Massachusetts, Massachusetts: A Guide to Its Places and People, American Guide Series, The Riverside Press, Cambridge, Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, 1937.
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